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Home >> Courses in India >> Courses in India: Engineering
Courses in India: Engineering
The following section describes in detail about Engineering course, elaborated with reference to the Courses and Eligibility, Job Opportunities, Engineering Institutes in India and Related Web Links.
Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering
This branch specializes in the development of new technology for use in aviation, defence systems and space exploration. The development and research of commercial and military aircraft, missiles, spaceships and related equipment is the work of the aeronautical engineer.

Automobile Engineering
Automobile Engineering deals in the design, development and maintenance of automobiles and related spare parts.

Agricultural Engineering
Agricultural Engineering deals in the design and manufacture of agricultural machinery, irrigation, drainage, farm resource planning, construction of farm buildings etc.

Biochemical Engineering
Biochemical Engineering is concerned with the research and development of plants for processing bio-chemicals used for effluent treatment, pest control and drugs.

Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical Engineering combines the knowledge of engineering and biology to solve medical and physiological problems.

Biotechnology is a combination of biology and technology that allows scientists to alter cells to manipulate them as needed. In practical application, this means that scientists can use genetic technology to develop treatments for diseases and to beneficially alter the genetics of humans as well as other life forms. Applications of biotechnology are in the pharmaceutical, agriculture, chemical, environmental remediation, and energy industries.

Ceramic Engineering
Ceramic Engineering involves the production of ceramic products like glass, semi-conductors, engine parts, fibre-optic phone lines, tiles, electric power line insulators etc.

Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering involves various types of small and big construction activities including building roads, airports, tunnels, bridges, water supply and sewage systems etc. Further specialisation is available in areas like structural, environmental, transport, construction engineering etc.

Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering combines the knowledge of Chemistry and Engineering for the production of chemicals and related products. These engineers are employed in such industries as pharmaceuticals, food, chemical, oil etc.

Computer Science Engineering[CSE]
Computer Engineering is concerned with the design and development of computer hardware and software.

Electronics and Communication Engineering [ECE]
It is concerned with the design and production of electronic and telecommunication equipments. ECE is about electronic components, integrated circuits and microprocessors and consists of design, fabricate, test, maintain and supervise the manufacture of electronic equipment. This branch of Engineering has a key place in the field of computers, Information Technology, Electrical, power system operations, communication systems etc.

Electrical Engineering
It is a branch of engineering that monitors the design and production of electrical equipments.

Electrical and Electronics Engineering [EEE]
It is a branch of engineering that monitors the production of electrical and electronic equipments. Power generation and transmission, communication, computer electronic and electrical equipment manufactures are some areas of specialization offered in this branch.

Environmental Engineering
Environmental Engineering addresses issues related to environment and is concerned with processes to conserve and secure the environment.

Industrial Engineering
Industrial Engineering studies the production resources of an industry i.e. people, materials, information, fuel, energy etc. and ensures the effective utilization of these in the production process. The Industrial engineer interfaces between the management and operations sectors in order to ascertain the proper use of available industrial resources.

Information Technology (IT)
Information Technology is the design, development, implementation, support or management of computer based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.

Instrumentation Engineering
Instrumentation Engineering is concerned with the development and maintenance of instrument systems.

Marine Engineering
Marine Engineering involves the design and development of machinery related to ships and other aquatic propulsion systems.

Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering involves the design and production of tools, machines, engines etc. to be used in other industries.

Mechatronics is the synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering and software engineering. The purpose of this interdisciplinary engineering field is the study of automata from an engineering perspective and serves the purposes of controlling advanced hybrid systems.

Metallurgical Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering is a field that explores the extraction and processing of metals and metal alloys. The experts in this branch can get employment in metallurgical industries, fabrication units, engineering workshops and R & D labs.

There is tremendous opportunity in chip design as technology is increasingly moving towards embedded software. Only a handful of engineering colleges in India offer specialisation in microelectronics at the moment. The major ones are IIT-Mumbai, IIT Madras, IIT Kanpur, IIT Guwahati and BITS, Pilani, which offer ME/MTech Microelectronics with/without VLSI Design (Very Large Scale Integrated Design).
IIT Madras also offers a 5-year dual degree (B.Tech and M.Tech) in Microelectronics & VLSI Design. IIT Delhi and IIT Kharagpur only offer M.Tech in VLSI Design.

Mining Engineers
Mining Engineers work in the extraction and preparation of metals to be used in manufacturing units. They locate mines, design open pit and underground mines, supervise the entire mining operations and devise the methods of transportation of it to the processing plants.

Naval Architecture
Naval Architecture involves the design of systems that have to move above, on or under the sea.

Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum Engineering explores oil and natural gas reservoirs and decides on the most economic and effective means of oil drilling and recovery.

Telecommunication Engineering
This branch of engineering concerned with the design, installation, operation and maintenance of telecommunication equipment like telephone and telegraph systems, radio, Television, radar etc.

Textile Engineering
Textile Engineering is involved in the design and development of systems to test and manufacture fibres and fibre products.
Courses & Eligibility

The different types of Engineering Courses and their eligibilities are as follows:

1. BE / B. Tech
Eligibility: +2/equivalent with PCM
Duration: 4 years

2. ME / M. Tech
Eligibility: BE / B Tech
Duration: 2 years

3. Integrated M. Tech
Eligibility: +2/equivalent with PCM
Duration: 5 years
Institutes in India

The following are the state wise list of the Engineering Institutes in India.
Andhra PradeshArunachal Pradesh
Himachal PradeshJammu and Kashmir
KeralaMadhya Pradesh
TripuraUttar Pradesh
UttaranchalWest Bengal
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